Global trends in food production and management, together with new rural development strategies in Vietnam, have led to new initiatives to enhance local food chains and facilitate new producer-consumer relationships, with a system of alternative food networks reconnecting producers and consumers with sustainable food production, distribution, and consumption. This study explores the larger context of the changing agricultural sector in Vietnam to see how alternative food networks in Hoi An have formed and how they reach potential customers. This analysis takes account of the political economy of the food system — how new rural development strategies and alternative agriculture initiatives are facilitated by the government and by non-government organizations. It explores different types of short food supply chains in alternative food networks and how they facilitate the connection between organic producers and local consumers. Ultimately, it is hoped that this study will help address the underlying factors behind the successful development of organic farming under the conditions of ‘free market’ on the one hand, and socialist-oriented policy on the other.
Nguyen Thuy Dung
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When funding for Internal Displaced Persons (IDPs) on the Thai-Karen borderlands ended in 2017, external actors assumed that ‘return home’ would happen. Instead, a new kind of space emerged—typified by dynamic agency, mobility and willful transgression of restrictions—to forge new livelihoods. In the eyes of many, the temporary ‘camp’ began to morph into a more permanent ‘village’. Mythical imaginings of ‘home’ were seldom in line with the reality of ‘return.’ By framing ‘repatriation’ as the most desired of three solutions to displacement, the global framework allows only limited movement of refugees back to the locality they fled. It makes unrealistic assumptions of conditions for return, rarely met in reality. The experiences of people in Ee Tu Hta in Karen State, Myanmar, are a vivid representation of how this system fails to understand, let alone engage, with common experiences of displacement, as people attempt to sustain alternative livelihoods for themselves and their families. Based on first-hand accounts with Karen people living in the Ee Tu Hta IDP ‘camp’, this work situates their local experiences, perspectives and responses to funding cuts within the context of dominant doctrines and discourses of repatriation and return. These local experiences contribute to the growing argument for the need to reimagine protracted displacement beyond broad-based ‘durable solutions’ and the assumptions that underpin them, and move toward localized solutions and arrangements that re-center the power of agency and community.
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Digital Library Faculty of Social Sciences
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